Glaucoma Statistics In Nigeria: South-East Most Affected


Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It is often linked to a buildup of pressure inside your eye. It has no cure and leads to total blindness. Thus, people should go for eye tests at least once in a year to make sure they do not have glaucoma.

These were the advise an ophthalmologist, Nkiru Akaraiwe, during the Enugu Glaucoma Symposium. Mrs. Akaraiwe, who was the facilitator of the symposium, said Glaucoma could only be checked if patients visit medical experts on time before their condition deteriorates.

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Speaking at the forum through its president, Sebastine Nwosu, the association of Ophthalmologist of Nigeria offered to partner Nigeria’s federal government in creating public awareness of the disease throughout the country.

Mr. Nwosu said glaucoma is a deadly disease because it has no cure but could be managed to stem its spread.

He further explained that the disease attacks the nerves that do not regenerate, thereby causing blindness as it does not itch or causes redness of the eye but erodes the eyes gradually until total blindness occurs.


He also pointed out that the South-east has the most cases of Glaucoma in Nigeria, pointing out that severe visual impairment of persons over 40 years in the region is two percent with Glaucoma blindness standing at 1.2%, compared to 0.3% in other regions.

“The statistics shows that Igbos have about eight percent of Glaucoma, which indicates that out of a hundred people, one person has Glaucoma,” he said.

Glaucoma is a complicated disease in which damage to the optic nerve leads to progressive, irreversible vision loss. It is the second leading cause of blindness.

The Chairman of the forum, Rich Umeh, expressed the fear that Glaucoma, unlike other eye diseases like cataracts, attacks patients unaware and leaves no known symptoms until blindness occurs.

He explained that the association was forced by the alarming rate of the disease to organise the symposium where participants would brainstorm to proffer solution to the menace. He pointed out that if they did not do anything to check the disease, they would have failed as medical experts.

Umeh lamented that eye specialists are concentrated more in the urban areas rather than spreading to rural areas and urged doctors to take it as their duties to enter rural areas to save the rural dwellers from the disease.

The Director of Corporate Affairs of Pfizer, Margaret Olele, who was also at the event said the drugs company is committed to contributing positively to patient care in collaboration with other relevant stakeholders to ensure the burden of the disease is reduced drastically.

The Glaucoma Symposium was designed to update healthcare professionals on the latest advances in the medical and surgical management of Glaucoma. It highlights insights in Glaucoma management, medicals, surgical techniques and the burden of the disease in Sub- Saharan Africa and Nigeria.

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The facilitator of the forum, Mrs. Akaraiwe, said the association should carry rapid education and awareness about the disease both at urban and rural areas as one of the preventive measures.

“We will partner with government, churches, media and others to make sure that the awareness reached both urban and rural areas and also provide solutions to the problem”.