Facts: 20 Amazing Discoveries About The Bones In The Human Body


The Human body cannot deny one of the most vital things needed for its survival in life – the Bones. Keeping your body strong and healthy does not rely solely on the health of your vital organs such as the heart, liver, lungs, and brain, but also on the bone structure. Hence, knowing the structure, function and necessary ways to take proper care of it alongside other important organs is paramount. The adult human body at birth is composed of 300 bones but as human begins to develop and mature, the bones reduce to 206. Each bone is a complex living organ that is made up of many cells, protein fibers, and minerals. This body internal network of bones also called the skeleton is divided into the Axial (bones covering the head and trunk) and the appendicular frame (bones that support the external body parts). Here are other facts you should know about the human bones and skeletal system.

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  1. The axial part of the human skeleton consists of 80 bones covering skull bones (22 real bones and 7 associated bones), bones of the middle ear, the hyoid bone (the bone of the neck), the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column
  2. The appendicular skeleton has 126 bones formed by the pectoral girdles, the upper limbs, the pelvic girdle or pelvis, and the lower limbs.
  3. The bones at the vertebral column differs from person to person but ranges from 32-34 especially as some of the bones may be longer than others while the skull consist of 22 bones and 7 associated bones
  4. the bones in the human neck are the same as those of a Giraffe. Its neck contains only seven (7) vertebrae, identical to the number of human neck bones.
  5. The bony spinal column called the vertebrae surrounds and protects your spinal cord, which is a complex bundle of nerves.
  6. The bones in the human skull are separated in new-born babies to allow the skull and brain to grow, but joined to give added strength and protection as an adult. This is why babies have fontanelles, or soft spots, in their skulls.
  7. The smallest bone in the human body is a bone in the middle ear called Stapes. The 2-millimeters “U”shaped bone helps in the conduction of sound vibrations to the inner ear.
  8. The human hands and feet together make up more than half the bones in the human body. 27 in each hand and 26 in each foot totaling 106 bones.
  9. The only bone in the human body not connected to another is the V-shaped bone called Hyroids which is located at the base of the human tongue.
  10. The Strongest bone in the human body is the Masseter better known as the Jaw bone while the thigh bone called the femur is the longest bone in the human body. It extends from the hip to the knee and can not be easily broken except you exert a great amount of pressure on it.
  11. The bones in the human body are very much alive. They have their own nerves and blood vessels, and they do various jobs, such as storing body minerals like calcium.
  12. Your teeth are considered part of the skeletal system but they are not counted as bones. Teeth are made of dentin and enamel, which is strongest substance in your body.
  13. Arms are among the most commonly broken bones, accounting for almost half of all adults’ broken bones, while the collarbone is the most commonly broken bone among children.
  14. When a bone is broken, your bone will produce lots of new cells to rebuild the bone. These cells cover both ends of the broken part of the bone and close up the area that is broken.
  15. The human bones are made of calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and other minerals, as well as the protein collagen.
  16. Every human bone stops growing in length during puberty. At the age of 20, the average young person has acquired roughly 98% of his/her skeletal mass.
  17. The small toe bones happens to be the most fragile bone in the human body. The easiest to break that does not require any action but to allow it to gradually heal.
  18. The Most common disease of the bone is called the Osteoporosis. A condition where the bone becomes fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
  19. The bones are composed of about 31% water and as you age, the amount of calcium in your bone increases.
  20. A typical bone has a dense and tough outer layer. Next to it is a layer of spongy bone which is lighter and slightly flexible. In the middle of some bones is a jelly-like bone marrow, where new cells are constantly being produced for blood.

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To keep your bones strong and healthy, you must eat and exercise well. Walking, jogging, running and other physical activities such as riding your bicycle, playing basketball, soccer, gymnastics, baseball, dancing, skateboarding and other activities, are important in keeping your bones strong and healthy. You can also strengthen your skeleton by drinking milk and eating other dairy products that contain calcium.