Lagos Nigeria is a state located in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It is the smallest in area of all Nigeria’s 36 states but is the most economically important state of the country and has the nation’s largest urban area also called Lagos.
Lagos is loosely classified into two main geographical areas; the Island and the mainland. On the North and East, Lagos is bounded by Ogun State. In the West it shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin. Behind its southern borders lies the Atlantic Ocean.
Lagos, which means lakes, was a name given to the settlement by the Portuguese. Before the restructure on Nigeria into 12 states in 1967, the identity of Lagos was restricted to the Lagos Island of Eko (Bini word for war camp).
The first settlers in Eko were the Aworis, who were mostly hunters and fishermen. They had migrated from Ile-Ife by stages to the coast areas.
By 1851, after the abolition of the slave trade, there was a great attraction to Lagos Nigeria by the repatriates. First were the Saro, mainly freed Yoruba captives and their descendants who, having been set ashore in Sierra Leone, returned in successive waves to Lagos.
Having had the privilege of Western education and Christianity, they made remarkable contributions to education and the rapid modernization of Lagos.
The Aguda, also started arriving in Lagos in the mid-19th century from Brazil and brought with them the skills they had acquired. Most of them were master-builders, carpenters and masons, and gave the distinct characteristics of Brazilian architecture to their residential buildings at Bamgbose and Campos Square areas which form a large proportion of architectural richness of the city.
The other two groups of Lagos State citizens are the Ogu people of Badagry and its environs, and the Ijebu in Ikorodu and Epe Local Governments. Badagry town houses the first storey building in Nigeria, built in 1845 and still standing on its original site.
Badagry’s original name was Gbagle a contraction of the word Ogbaglee, meaning in Ogu “a farmland near the swamp”. The Ogu people are historically reputed to have migrated from the ancient Ketu Kingdom (part of Oduduwa’s Kingdom) and they left Ile-Ife around the mid-13th century, for Accra in Gold Coast. The Ga/Ewe (Aja-Ogu) speaking group of today’s Ghana are indeed the kith and kin of the Ogu of Badagry.
The Ijebu people of the Epe and Ikorodu Local Government areas share a collective heritage with their kith and kin in the present day Ogun State, but have also developed strong trade and cultural links with the entire riverine coastline of Nigeria, with its interlaced pattern of waters and creeks which empty into the lagoon and the Atlantic ocean.
By the turn of this century, through administrative sleight of hand by the British, all the major towns and settlements of the two areas had been annexed as part of the “colony” and the amalgamation in 1914 finally merged Ikorodu with the protectorate.
Lagos Life (Lack of a better heading, i will remember but consult me to your change)
Lagos Nigeria is famous throughout Africa for its music scene. It has a vibrant nightlife and has given birth to a variety of styles such as Nigerian hip hop, highlife, juju, fuji, and Afrobeat. Lagos is the centre of the Nigerian movie industry, referred to as Nollywood.
Iganmu is home to the primary centre for the performing arts and artistes in Nigeria: the National Arts Theatre.
Paul McCartney recorded his fifth post-Beatles album, Band on the Run, in an EMI studio in Lagos in August and September 1973.
Some of the famous cuisines in Lagos include local ones like Suya (spiced roasted beef), Eba made from cassava and eaten with soups prepared with vegetables and mixture of spices and herbs.
Other cuisines range from local ones like Iyan (pounded yam) made from yam flour, usually eaten with various kind of vegetables and Egusi (melon soup).
Lagos Nigeria has a number of sandy beaches by the Atlantic Ocean a few are Badagry beach, Eleko Beach, Elegushi, Alpha beach. Two of the popular beaches include Bar Beach and Lekki Beach.
Lagos has a variety of hotels ranging from three star to five star hotels. Other places of interest include The Tafawa Balewa Square, Festac town, Lekki Conservation Centre, The Remembrance Arcade and the Slave Jetty in Badagry.
Since its creation in 1967, the state has been administered either by a governor and a House of Assembly in civilian or quasi-civilian (under Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida’s administration) federal administrations, or by Sole-Administrators or Military Administrators in military dispensations.
Since December 2007, Yoruba has been the second official language of debate and discussion for the House of Assembly after English.