Wolf-whistling

Wolf-whistling is set to be banned in France as the government declares war on men hassling women in public, in a move that many are considering a bit of political correctness gone mad.

In a bid to eliminate France’s macho culture, legislation is being drawn up to make it a criminal offence to harass someone in a public place.

Marlène Schiappa, the Gender Equality Minister has called for legislation to make street harassment a crime and set up a working party to thrash out the details, which could cover wolf-whistling.

With four other MPs, she is working out a legal definition of street harassment and deciding what penalties offenders will face.

Under the proposed legislation, it could soon become a criminal offence to wolf whistle at women or to bug them for their phone number. Explaining the reason behind her move, Schiappa said:

“We’re in a grey zone. Nowadays, when a woman is whistled at in the street, insulted or followed, that’s not classed as an assault or harassment because there are no elements of proof.

“There is no point filing a complaint…because the details are not sufficient. It’s absolutely necessary to frame the situation and to get rid of the definition of harassment that we have today.”

Miss Schiappa has previously spoken about a grey area in French law between sexual assault and innocent attempts at seduction. In a recent interview, she said:

“You are a woman on an underground train. I am a man. I follow you. You get off the train. I get off. You get on another train. I get on too. I ask you for your telephone number. I ask again. I ask a third time. You feel oppressed – that is street harassment.

“The problem is men thinking they’re entitled to yell at a young woman, saying like, ‘Hey, you, you have a fine ass!'”

The crackdown comes after surveys show virtually all French women have been harassed on public transport, in the street or elsewhere at some point.

At the beginning of the year, President Macron made the issue one of his main campaign topics pledging to end the culture of harassment.

Details of what will be made illegal are yet to be made public but are likely to include wolf-whistling as Miss Schiappa has previously spoken out about it.

However, some lawyers believe the offence will be difficult to prove. While some lawyers believe prosecutions should only happen when police officers witness an offence, others say women should be able to file criminal lawsuits against men at a later date. Another argument has it that making street harassment illegal would only enrich feminist lawyers and clog up the court system.

Very few countries, including Belgium and Portugal, have made such behaviour a criminal offence. The UK has laws against harassment in general, while different states in the US have different rules, including a £185 fine in New York for street harassment, while in Minnesota verbal harassment is illegal.

It becomes more interesting to realize that in 2012, France had also passed a sexual harassment law that makes it a criminal offence for a man to sexually harass a woman. The crime was met with a  two-year jail term and a fine of 30,000 euros, which was almost $37,000. The new 2012 law was adopted after another of its kind that was used in the country since 2000 was thrown out by the country’s apex court.

Below are other countries that have similar laws as France:

Iceland

Iceland has many laws that strive to achieve gender equality and protect women. Apart from criminalizing sexual harassment, the country has also outlawed strip clubs and makes prostitution illegal to protect women and balance gender.

Peru

12 years behind bars is what you may get yourself in Peru if you whistle at a woman. The law was passed in 2015 after a video of the country’s anti-street harassment called “Silbale a tu madre” (“Catcall your mother”) went viral.

Nicaragua

According to the Law 779 also known as “La Ley,” of Nicaragua, it is a criminal offence to catcall even people you don’t know. The law which as passed in 2012 was adopted with the aim of protecting women from all forms of sexual assault. The country also takes things like workplace sexual assault and discrimination based on sex extremely serious.

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