The death of veteran actor Muna Obiekwe on the 18th of January 2014 came to us as a shock. He died as a result of kidney failure when he stopped going for the dialysis for his damaged Kidneys. Kidney failure arises when one’s kidneys can no longer filter waste products from the blood. It happens in two major ways, the first is called Acute Kidney Injury which is often controlled and stopped with proper treatment and the second is Chronic Kidney disease which is not very receptive to treatments except for a transplant.
Kidney failure is determined by a decline in the rate at which we urinate or pass faeces. It is quite saddening also, that the food habits of most Nigerians could cause Chronic kidney damage (CKD) or failure. Note that with CKD, your kidneys may still be functioning some, but they’re not as active as they should be. Of course, kidney failure is the most severe stage of kidney damage and at this stage, your kidneys will no more work well enough for you to live without dialysis or a kidney transplant. Read on to see some of the habits that could cause kidney diseases and how to avoid them.
High Intake of Meat:
Did you know that too much protein in your diet is harmful to your kidneys? The end product of protein is amino acids and they are small molecules that your cells can then use to develop the new proteins your body needs at any point in time. Yes, we do know that proteins are biological molecules your body uses for numerous functions, but its digestion produces ammonia, a toxin or poison that attacks your kidneys. So, the more meat you consume, the more your chances of your kidneys getting damaged. Avoid eating too much red meat and your kidneys will be safe.
High Intake Of Caffeine:
Although caffeine has many effects on the body’s metabolism which includes stimulating the central nervous system, making you be more alert and giving you a boost of energy, taking much of it also has a lot of side effects according to reports. You get to consume caffeine when you eat any of these; coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate, kola nuts, and certain medicines. Record also shows that caffeine raises your blood pressure when you take much of it and once this happens, your kidneys start suffering. So, there is a huge benefit in reducing the amount of these products and other caffeine products you take daily.
Not Drinking Enough Water:
For kidneys to perform properly and carry out their functions well, they need to be hydrated. Therefore, taking enough water is highly important as the toxins tend to start accumulating in the blood when there isn’t enough fluid to drain them through the kidneys. You are required to drink more than 10 glasses of water every day. You can know whether you are taking enough water by looking at the colour of your urine; when it lighter in colour, you are certainly on the right track.
Delay In Passing Out Faeces And Urine:
Storing urine in your bladder longer than necessary isn’t proper. When your bladder is filled up it can lead to bladder damage. The urine that you keep in your bladder multiplies bacteria faster than you think. Once the urine flows back to the ureter and kidneys, the poisonous substances can lead to infections such as kidney infections, then urinary tract infections, and then nephritis, and even uremia. When you are pressed, there is absolutely no need to waste time in emptying your bowel.
Drinking Too Much Alcohol:
Taking too much alcohol, drugs or tobacco can be harmful to your kidney and can lead to kidney failure. Alcohol interferes with the brain and kidney communication leading to excess excretion of fluids which can cause dehydration as you get to urinate more, and the effect of the dehydration can change the normal work of cells and organs, including the kidneys. It is certainly good to cut down the rate of alcohol you take, that will help your kidneys a great deal. Remember that your kidneys filter toxic substances from your blood and one of these harmful substances is alcohol. Alcohol effects changes in the function of your kidneys which can make them less able to filter your blood.
High Intake Of salt:
Salt is a mineral substance which contains basically sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound that belongs to the broader class of ionic salts. The report shows that taking more than 5.8 grams of salt daily could lead to kidney diseases.While salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes, eating more than 5.8 grams of salt daily is harmful to your Kidneys.
Poor Treatment Of Bacterial Infection:
Bacterial infections can be harmful to your kidneys when it is not treated properly. For example, Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially life-threatening medical condition that’s associated with an infection. It usually the makes the body’s immune system to be overwhelmed by infection, causes inflammation and can also make the kidneys to shut down. Most cases of sepsis are usually due to bacterial infection. Although most of the time, this does not occur with urinary tract infections, you need to treat even the most negligible infections seriously.
You are advised to have a regular check-up if you think you might be at the risk of having kidney damage CKD, talk to a doctor when you think you no longer feel normal. You can also suggest to your doctor to have yourself tested for kidney damage.