It is no longer news that Monkey Pox is ravaging the country. The first case of the disease was reported on September 22 in Bayelsa state, South-South Nigeria.
Also See: 8 Buzz Facts To Know About Monkey Pox
With the speed at which it is spreading, it is important that people are educated about the disease, its causes, mode of contraction and steps to take in order to be safe, as an adage rightly said that prevention is better than cure.
Monkey Pox is a rare and infectious disease caused by monkey virus, transmitted from animals to human, with symptoms similar to those of smallpox, although less severe.
Laboratory monkeys are identified as its first originators, hence the name ‘Monkey Pox but rodents are the chief vectors of the disease, thus, the virus can be actively transmitted to humans by rodents or primates. It is also transmitted secondarily by human-to-human contact.
Monkey Pox is highly contagious, so it is important to know how the disease spread, so you can take proper precaution.
A team of competent doctors from Medik 247 International, have come up with facts you should know about the disease and how to stay safe.
- Monkey pox virus is transmitted through contact with infected animal’s blood, flesh, bite or by contact with an infected human.
- It is a virus and viral infections are generally much harder to treat than bacterial infections.
- Monkeypox infection can lead to debilitating illness and death, thus it is fatal, especially for those in younger age brackets.
- It has NO treatment or vaccine but outbreaks can be controlled.
- The incubation period for the virus is 5-21 days, however, symptoms typically last between 14-21 days, with severe cases occurring among children with a longer virus exposure.
- The virus can only be diagnosed definitively in the laboratory by running different tests.
- An infected person begins to feel intense weakness and fever.
- Then the appearance of several stages of rashes, with hundreds of these rashes, breaking out in the face, palms and the soles of the feet.
- The lesions (rashes) become fluid-filled blisters as the disease progresses.
- At the final stage of manifestation, these blisters form a crust, which can affect the oral membrane, genitals, eyelids and eyeballs.
- Ensure animal flesh and blood is properly cooked before consuming, because the monkey pox virus remains active in infected primates and rodents, even after death.
- Avoid eating dead bush meat.
- Avoid contact with body fluids, respiratory tract secretions or objects recently contaminated by infected persons.
- Don’t pick up stray animals, especially if you live in the tropics.
- Infected humans or animals must be placed under quarantine immediately, as close physical contact is a significant risk factor. For health workers, protective clothing and proper equipment must be utilised while caring for infected persons.
- Frequently washing your hands is encouraged.
- If you have been in close proximity with an infected person, going for definitive testing at the laboratory is advised.