A 2016 Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report has again ranked Nigeria as the third Most Terrorized Country in the world.
In this latest ranking, Iraq is ranked number one, Afghanistan second, and Nigeria Third. Pakistan, Syria, Yemen, Somalia and India are ranked fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth, respectively, while Egypt and Libya round out the top 10. Nigeria had occupied the same position in last year’s ranking and was ranked fourth in 2014.
The report, released by the Institute for Economics and Peace, indicates a 34-percent decline in the number of people killed by terrorist group Boko Haram in 2015 in Nigeria. Iraq and Nigeria had the largest reduction on deaths from terrorism from 2014 to 2015.
It stated that the total number of people killed by Boko Haram in 2015 was 4,095, down from 6,136 in 2014, which attributed the decline to the operation of the Nigerian military and the Joint Task Force in the northeast.
The report also says Nigeria had a reduction in the number of people killed by Fulani militants (herdsmen), as there were 630 fewer deaths by these militias in 2015, a decrease of 50 percent which contributed to the overall 10 per cent drop in the number of deaths caused by terrorism globally.
Islamic militant group in Iraq, ISIL, was ranked the deadliest terrorist group in 2015, closely followed by Boko Haram according to the report. Also out of 20 most fatal terrorist attacks in the world in 2015, four occurred on the Nigerian soil, with Boko Haram being responsible for three.
Fulani militants were responsible for one – where 95 people were killed in a single attack on March 15, 2015.
According to the report, the worst terrorist attack in Nigeria occurred on September 13, 2015 when Boko Haram killed 160 villagers in Kukuwa-Gari village by gunfire or drowning. A total of 174 people were killed in the attack, the report said.
The report put the total number of people killed in Nigeria by Boko Haram at 17,097 since 2000, and the global economic impact of terrorism at US$89.6 billion in 2015.
It said Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) to developing economies such as Nigeria is directly affected by terrorist attacks.
The GTI monitored and measured the impact of terrorism in 163 countries, covering 99.7 percent of the world’s population.