The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB), is an organized board which runs systems of examination in Nigeria through which secondary school leavers can apply and be admitted into Nigerian Universities and other institutions of higher education, according to the country’s standard. It was established in 1978.
JAMB is also responsible for the administration of similar examinations for applicants to Nigerian public and private monotechnics, polytechnics, and colleges of educations.
Expectations from the board mandates all candidates to obtained the West Africa School Certificate, now known as the West African Examinations Council, WAEC, or its equivalent, National Examination Council , NECO or GCE (General Certificate of Education).
Type of Examination: Internet Based
Knowledge/Skill Tested: Academic performance in selected subjects.
Duration of Examination: 3 hours 10min.
Score/Grade Range: 0 – 400
Grade Validity: 1 year
JAMB is written once every year in over 500 regions of the nation. Annual number of candidates ranges from more than 1 million.
Post UTME was later adopted by Nigerian universities to conduct its own screening on prospective candidates who have chosen to attend the particular university, for admission.
By 1974, there were seven (7) Federal Universities in the country. Every one of these existing universities conducted its own concessional examination and admitted its students.
However, this system of admission revealed serious limitations and quite often, waste of resources in the process of administering the concessional examination especially on the part of the candidates. The general untidiness in the uncoordinated system of admissions into universities and the attendant problems were sufficient cause for concern to the committee of vice-chancellors.
These problems had assumed new dimension when by 1976, the then federal military government, under the leadership of General Olusegun Obasanjo, established six (6) additional universities. Consequently, the government set up a national committee on university entrance under the chairmanship of Mr. M. S. Angulu.
The Committee was specifically requested to consider the possibility of setting up a Joint Matriculation Board. The Committee recommended the setting up of two (2) bodies, the Central Admissions Board and the Joint Matriculation Board. The Federal military government accepted some of the recommendations of the committee and set up the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board. The legal instrument establishing the Board was however promulgated by the act (no. 2 of 1978) of the Federal Military Government on 13th February, 1978.
By August 1988, the Federal Executive Council amended decree No. 2 of 1978 empowered the Board to conduct matriculation examinations for entry into all polytechnics and colleges of education in the country and to place suitably qualified candidates in the available places in these institutions.
The amendments have since been codified into decree No. 33 of 1989, which took from 7th December, 1989.
On assumption of office, the present administration set up a panel headed by Dr. Bala Usman to restructure the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board. The Panel has since submitted its report and its recommendations are gradually being implemented by the Federal Ministry of Education.
Dibu Ojerinde is a Nigerian professor of Tests and Measurement, educational administrator and the incumbent Registrar of the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB. He assumed office in April 10, 2012.
The board has a yearly brochure, which offers information on various universities or other Institutions across Nigeria, their locations, the courses and degrees that each of these universities offers within its faculties. The faculties include: Faculty of Administration, Science, Agriculture, Art, Education, Engineering, Law, Medical, Social Sciences.
The board has websites/portal – www.jamb.com, and from which candidates can register for and check their JAMB examination results, as well as the University he/she is admitted – although candidates have the choice of choosing and filling a preferred institute on the JAMB registration form.
The brochure also cover JAMB’s syllabus, JAMB frequently asked questions & answers, Textbooks recommended for the JAMB examinations (all subjects), Compulsory novels to read, registration closing date, Subject combination for both Science students, Subject combinations for Arts, Commercial, and Social Science students, JAMB examination date.
As the Federal Government of Nigeria has approved the re-enforcement of admission guideline as recognized by law, the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board released its criteria for admission of potential candidates into tertiary institutions (Universities) in the country.
Meanwhile, the board had earlier cancelled the use of Post-UTME by Universities in Nigeria to admit JAMB candidate.
After much deliberation the Federal Government of Nigeria charged tertiary Institutions to only screen students who has been admitted by JAMB, therefore, candidates are only limited to physical and credential examination, to ensure they are not of questionable character.
The board added that the 2016 admissions would be conducted purely on the three existing admission pillars of merit, catchment area and educationally less developed states.