It’s really alarming how the world continues to experience the outburst of new more deadly diseases, the occurrences taking a chain like routine and requiring more tactful and stringent approaches. Surprisingly, a number of these diseases appears to be sexually related. HIV and Aids, Gonorrhea and some other sexually transmitted diseases are good examples. But with the arrival of the Superbug STD, human lives gets more risky.
Superbug STD – What is it?
First, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) also known as venereal diseases, are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex or oral sex and Gonorrhea is one of such. Now you may want to ask what Supperbug STD really means, well it actually means that the already contacted gonorrhea has grown resistant to the usual treatments because the gonorrhea bacteria has metamorphosed to become stronger than ever. In a nutshell, Superbug STD is an antibiotic-resistant bacteria which is caused by a strain of bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae that has grown resistance to the drugs formerly used to kill it. Today, experts say that the superbug STD may be more deadly than AIDS and could cause an epidemic.
The strain of this gonorrhea was first discovered in a 31-year-old female Japanese sex worker in 2011 travelling from central Europe. During treatment, she was resistant to the “last line of defense” antibiotics in the family of cephalosporins. The strain is called A8806 and is similar to another untreatable form of the sexually-transmitted disease known as H041. According to Magnus Unemo, the man who discovered it from the Swedish Reference Laboratory for Pathogenic Neisseria, the new strain is alarming and unpredictable. “Since antibiotics became the standard treatment for gonorrhea in the 1940s, this bacterium has shown a remarkable capacity to develop resistance mechanisms to all drugs introduced to control it,” he said. Though yet to be found in any African continent, this particular strain appears quite often, and has been identified for years as a frighteningly resistant bug that could cause a serious problem if it catches on. Countries affected by this “nightmare bacteria” include the U.K., Australia, France, Norway, Sweden and Japan.
As already seen in the description of Superbug as gonorrhea which has resisted treatments, knowing the mother disease , its symptoms and remedies is paramount. Here are important facts you should know about gonorrhea Superbug.
- To be able to track the infection, already contacted gonorrhea must be checked and treated appropriately.
- The superbug falls in the same category with diseases such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) which have killed at least half of the people they have attacked.
- As a sexually transmitted disease, it is spread through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. People who were once treated for gonorrhea can become infected again through sexual contact with someone who is infected.
- Gonorrhea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection and if left untreated can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility in women
- The new super strain could be a result of evolution. As antibiotics kill off most of the bacteria, there is a batch of surviving bacteria left behind that can reproduce and “pass on their more-robust-than-average genes to their offspring.” The more this process repeats, the more likely it is that this bacteria grows to be drug-resistant.
- Though gonorrhea is already resistant to penicillin, tetracycline and fluoroquinonlines, doctors currently use cephalosporin and/or azithromycin and doxycycline to treat the infection but for better result, the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that you use more than one drug to kill the infection.
- Not all men however, do experience symptoms of gonorrhea in men include; burning sensation while urinating, discharge from the penis, or painful and swollen testicles. Most women have mild or no symptoms
- Babies born to women with untreated gonorrhea can have severe eye infections that lead to blindness.
- The best method of preventing the spread of this killer disease is either abstinence or using condoms correctly during sex, and limiting the number of sexual partners.
- About 20 million are said to have contacted a sexually transmitted disease (STD) among which more than 800,000 of STD cases reported are gonorrhea infections, with most occurring in people between the ages of 15 and 24.
Superbug STDs, though not yet viral, exists, and at the moment has no medical cure. Hence proper caution is necessary for all to take. The truth is, if HIV and Aids is merciful enough to spare one’s life, Gonorrhea Superbug might not.