5 Undisputed Facts about Hausa People


Hausa people are some of the most interesting ethnic groups in the African continent. This is because of their rich history, culture, social order and belief system. They are found in West Africa, especially in Nigeria. They live in northwestern part of Nigeria and southeastern Niger as well as other west and central African Countries. The area inhabited by the Hausa people is referred to as Hausaland.

Many things about this ethnic group are fascinating, interesting and at times even confusing. With the current dissemination of information, many people are getting to know the Hausa people better. The purpose of this article is to show you 5 undisputed facts about Hausa people to add to your knowledge.

Recommended Reading: 5 Notable Facts About Yoruba People

Here are 5 Notable Facts About Hausa People

1. Hausa is the Largest Ethnic Group in Nigeria

The latest Nigerian national census indicated the total population of Nigeria was 162 million people belonging to over 500 ethnic groups, the three main ones being the Yoruba, the Igbo and the Hausa. About 30 million of these (representing 18.5%) are the Hausa. This can give you an idea of just how popular the Hausa are.

It would be accurate to say that the Hausa influences all the other tribes given their population. They have also assimilated some smaller ethnic groups that border them. The Hausas are also found in certain other West and Central African countries.

Hausa people

2. The Hausas are the 4th Largest Muslim Bloc in the Planet

Nigeria is a multi-religious country with Islam, Christianity and Traditional African religion being the three most popular religions in the country. Due to their Arabic roots, the Hausas are predominantly Muslims and very dedicated to their religion. They are considered the 4th largest Muslim bloc in the world.

Inasmuch as the Hausas are Muslims, they are also strict followers of their tradition and therefore subscribe to the traditional African religion. Most of the religious practices in their African Traditional religion are actually related to Islam and therefore does not contradict or conflict their Islamic beliefs.

Hausa girl selling food on the market in Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria.

3. Hausas are the Most Hospitable People in West Africa

If you have ever been to Nigeria and felt the warmth of their welcome, then it is highly probable that you were cared for by an  Hausa. These people are relational and gracious. They will give you the respect you deserve, be warm to you and friendly. They can make friends very fast and maintain it through openness, kindness and sympathy.

These great relational attributes of the Hausas are as a result of their strict tradition, culture and way of life. From childhood, they are trained to be respectful to the elderly, to be hard workers and to be good to strangers. The Islamic religion can also account for their great virtues, as does the Traditional African religion.

4. The Hausas are Highly Influential

Take a quick peep into the politics of Nigeria and in deed other West African countries. You will realise that most of their political leaders since the antique times have been from the Hausa ethnic group. In addition to their sociability, the Hausas are calculative, strategic and are very good planners. They are highly aggressive when it comes to seizing opportunities. This is why they are very good politicians.

All democracies depend on numbers to wield political power and the Hausa have it. They have the numbers both as an ethnic group and as a religious bloc. With 30 million Hausas in a country of 162 million people, they definitely have an edge. Their influence is not only on politics, they are also very influential religiously.

5. The Hausas are Unique when it Comes to Clothing

The Hausa people  have a highly restricted dress code due to their religious beliefs. Men’s dress code is an elaborate dress consisting of a large flowing gown called Babban riga and robe referred to as juanni and jalaba. The neck area of these gowns features nice embroidery designs that add to their fashion and uniqueness. The dress code cannot be complete without a colourful, embroidered cap (fula).

Women’s dress code consist of wrappers (abaya) designed with a nicely decorated and colourful cloth with a matching blouse, fabulous head tie, and shawl. If you see an Hausa in these dress codes, you will not fail to notice them because they look original and elegant. This dress code is unique to all the Hausa speaking populations.